Family Medicine - Dr. Bayer
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42755 Mound Road
Sterling Heights, Michigan 48314
(586) 323-0400

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Thyroid

The thyroid gland is one of the most important glands in the body, and its job is to adjust a body's overall metabolism. It is shaped like a butterfly and is located in your neck above your collar bone. It is categorized as an endocrine gland.

Millions of people in the U.S. have thyroid diseases. Most of them are women. People with thyroid diseases experience issues with how their body uses energy, and usually the speed of energy consumption is affected. As a result, a patient can gain weight and feel more tired than usual or may lose weight and feel more jittery and energetic.  If the amount of hormones that is generated by the thyroid is more than the normal amount, it is called hyperthyroidism; on the other hand, if the amount of hormones that is generated is less than the normal amount, it is called hypothyroidism.

Thyroid diseases

There are hundreds of different conditions that could result in hypo or hyperthyroidism.

The main hormones that the thyroid produces are Thyroxine (T4) and Triodonthyronine (T3), T3 being the most active form. The rate of hormone production in the thyroid is controlled by the pituitary gland in the brain. Therefore, some thyroid diseases root from issues with the pituitary gland.

Hyperthyroidism:

When the thyroid releases too many hormones, it results in hyperthyroidism. Some of the most common reasons for this phenomenon are: getting too much iodine, Graves' disease, inflammation, growth of the gland, tumors, and taking too many thyroid hormones.

After a comprehensive exam and necessary tests by our doctors, they will be able to diagnose the reason for your hyperthyroidism and suggest treatments accordingly.

Below is a list of the most common symptoms for hyperthyroidism:

  • Fatigue
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Visible enlargement of thyroid gland (Goiter)
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Increased appetite
  • More sweating than normal
  • Nervousness
  • Lack of focus
  • Weight loss

Hypothyroidism:

When the thyroid does not produce enough hormones, it causes hypothyroidism. The causes of hypothyroidism are inflammation, birth defects, radio therapy of hyperthyroidism, viruses, and certain medications.

Main symptoms of hypothyroidism are:

  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Weight gain
  • Depression

Our doctors will review your symptoms, complete a thorough examination, and order necessary tests. After review of all the information, your doctor will discuss the diagnosis with you and offer suggestions for your treatment.

There are numerous thyroid diseases that are best diagnosed by an experienced physician. If you live in or around Sterling Heights, call us today to schedule your appointment.

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